Las Mariposas Tanama

Excursiones Ecológicas - Rio Chavon

animated frog
  • Hermosos jardines mariposa
    Conoce las mariposas de la República Dominicana
  • monarch butterfly small Swallowtails gigantes
    La mariposa más grande en la República Dominicana
  • giant swallowtail small Mas Swallowtails
     
  • lemon butterfly small Limón mariposa
     
  • zebra longwing small Zebra Longwing
     
  • malachite small Malachite
     
  • gulf small Gulf Fritillary
     
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El Jardín de las Mariposas

... alas de los trópicos ....

Los jardines de mariposas ocupan un área grande en nuestro rancho de la selva. Con más de 450m2 (4000 pies) de jardines cerrados ... el más grande del República Dominicana. Todas las mariposas en los jardines se crían en el rancho y-obviamente-sólo tenemos especies que se producen en la naturaleza de nuestra región. Siempre tenemos una buena cantidad de mariposas, pero en la temporada de mariposa - de abril a noviembre se puede ver más de 1000 mariposas de 10 a 15 especies diferentes en los jardines.

Casi al instante se encontrará rodeado por cientos de mariposas vivas del Caribe. Usted puede compartir su mundo mientras vuelan, cortejan, se aparean, comen néctar o descansan a la luz mostrando sus fascinantes colores y patrones. La mariposa incluso puede confundirse con una flor y aterrizar sobre su cabeza, hombros o brazos. Nuestros guías expertos estarán disponibles para contestar cualquiera de sus preguntas sobre mariposas y de compartir la experiencia del ciclo de vida de las mariposas con usted - una escena que se desarrolla constantemente en nuestra área de crianza.

butterfly garden close upEn nuestros jardines, las mariposas actúan tal como lo harían en la naturaleza. Ellas vuelan de flor en flor bebiendo el néctar, aterrizan en nuestros platos de rodajas de plátano maduras para beber los jugos, se estiran en una hoja para tomar el sol, defienden sus territorios de otras mariposas, y se aparean. Aunque las mariposas se aparean en el jardín, las hembras no ponen sus huevos a menos que encuentren la planta huésped que su especie necesita en fase oruga. Sólo se han plantado unas pocas plantas hospedantes en nuestros jardines, por lo que nuestras mariposas hembras pueden poner sus huevos, haciendo que sea fácil para nosotros recoger los huevos. La crianza actual sucede en nuestra área de cría especialmente diseñada.

Disfrute de los hermosos jardines plantados con una gran variedad de vegetación tropical y plantas con flores. Estos proporcionan el néctar para las mariposas. Usted puede llevar su propia cámara (no obligamos el tomarse fotografías con nosotros) y después de la visita guiada es libre de visitar las áreas de su interés. Por favor, siéntese, relájese y disfrute de la paz y la tranquilidad de estar en armonía con este reino de la naturaleza.


El centro Educativo

Antes de entrar en el jardín pasará por el centro educativo. Aquí se explicará y mostrará el increíble ciclo de vida de las mariposas. Después de esta breve introducción, vamos a entrar en el primero de nuestros dos jardines: el jardín tropical. Nuestro equipo pasa muchas horas cada día asegurándose de que se mantenga el entorno correcto para asegurar las condiciones de vuelo, alimentación y reproducción óptimas de las mariposas.



El Jardín Tropical

El jardín tropical está diseñado para imitar el bosque seco tropical que es típico de las zonas orientales de la República Dominicana. Las mariposas se sienten como en casa aquí... El bosque cuenta con áreas diferentes, desde el bosque de cactus a la vegetación tropical húmeda. Incluyendo en la colección de plantas hay cientos de bromelias, orquídeas y otras epífitas y brillantes flores tropicales como el hibisco, frangipani, felpilla rosa, Trompetas de ángeles y otras.



La zona de reproducción

Todas las mariposas se crían en el rancho. Por especies, tenemos la jaula de cría más grande con plantas hospederas para asegurar la puesta de huevos apropiada. Cada jaula de cría hospeda de entre 30 y 40 mariposas adultas, se aparean y la hembra pone alrededor de 80 a 300 huevos. En base diaria los huevos son recogidos y trasladados a las plantas hospedantes en nuestro 'vivero'. Los huevos de mariposa pueden estar contaminados con partículas de enfermedades cuando la mariposa hembra pone los huevos, por lo que esterilizamos los huevos después de la recolección.



El Vivero Orugas

Aquí puede ver las plantas con mangas para proteger a las orugas de los depredadores. El 'vivero' está fuera para imitar el ambiente natural. El vivero está cuidadosamente situado para mezclar condiciones de sombra y soleadas. El viento y la lluvia son las mejores precauciones contra enfermedades ...



Las diferentes especies que se pueden ver en nuestro jardines (mover el puntero del ratón sobre la imagen para ver más).:

Las especies en los jardines se puede cambiar de acuerdo a la temporada.


Giant Swallowtails

We display several Swallowtails. The Giant Swallowtail is a large, very colorful butterfly. The male has the bright yellow colors, while the female is more brown.



More Swallowtails

The "Mariposa de bosque seca" (dry forest Butterfly) and the Machaonides Swallowtail are rare in our region, but we mostly have several variations of them.



Limon Butterfly

The "Mariposa del Muerte" (Butterfly of the death, limon butterfly) is an avid mud-puddler and visitor of flowers. It basks with its wings held wide open on tufts of grass, herbs and generally keeps within a metre above the ground, even on cloudy days.



Zebra Longwing

The Zebra Longwing (Heliconius Charitonia) is one of the stars in our garden. They come in a wide variety of colors, all in a striped pattern with one stripe ranging from black to light brown and the other from bright yellow to white. They can live for 8 weeks!!



Malachite

The Malachite (Siproeta Stelenes) is a beautiful butterfly with a green-yellow pattern. It feeds on rotten fruits and you can see it in our garden on the feeding trays. The wingspread is typically between 8.5 and 10 cm (3.3 and 3.9 in).



Gulf Fritillary

The Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis Vanillae) is a smaller butterfly but easy to spot due to its bright orange color. It does have long, rather narrow wings in comparison with other butterflies. The wingspan is 6–9.5 cm (2.4–3.7 in).



Monarch

The Monarch is the most wide spread butterfly in the world. We display the species Danaus Plexippus Megalippe, a non migrating Monarch. The Monarch common in the USA, is famous for its southward migration and northward return in summer from Canada to Mexico and Baja California which spans the life of three to four generations of the butterfly.



Coming Soon:

White Peacock

The White Peacock (Anartia Jatrophae) is abundant in our garden. The males of the species display a unique territorial behavior, in which they stake out a territory typically 15 meters in diameter. They aggressively protect it from other male white peacocks.



Red Rim

The Red Rim (Biblis Hyperia) is a beautiful, and due to its red band easy to spot butterfly, they are common in our region. They can be seen flying between March and November in tropical forest.



Pale Cracker

The Pale Cracker (Hamadryas amphichloe) is a grey - white butterfy that prefers the shade. They acquired their common name due to the unusual way that males produce a "cracking" sound as part of their territorial displays.



Photographs © Tonio Tosto

image life cycle butterfly

The life cycle of a butterfly explained:

The egg is a tiny, round, oval, or cylindrical object, usually with fine ribs and other microscopic structures. The female attaches the egg to leaves, stems, or other objects, usually on or near the intended caterpillar food.



The caterpillar (or larva) is the long, worm-like stage of the butterfly or moth. It often has an interesting pattern of stripes or patches, and it may have spine-like hairs. It is the feeding and growth stage. As it grows, it sheds its skin four or more times so as to enclose its rapidly growing body.



The chrysalis (or pupa) is the transformation stage within which the caterpillar tissues are broken down and the adult insect's structures are formed. The chrysalis of most species is brown or green and blends into the background. Many species overwinter in this stage.



The adult (or imago) is colorful butterfly or moth usually seen. It is the reproductive and mobile stage for the species. The adults undergo courtship, mating, and egg-laying. The adult butterfly or moth is also the stage that migrates or colonizes new habitats. The butterfly pictured here is a Blue Morph, which is large in size. The Morph's wingspan is 4 3/8 - 5 7/8 inches (15 - 17 cm).







From the tiniest blues to the largest swallowtails, colorful butterflies are nature's flying flowers. Everyone is familiar with butterflies, but how much do you really know about these insects? Here are 10 cool facts about butterflies.



1. Butterfly wings are transparent.

How can that be? We know butterflies as perhaps the most colorful, vibrant insects around! A butterfly wing is actually formed by layers of chitin, the protein that makes up an insect's exoskeleton. These layers are so thin you can see right through them. Thousands of tiny scales cover the transparent chitin, and these scales reflect light in different colors. As a butterfly ages, scales fall off the wings, leaving spots of transparency where the chitin layer is exposed.



2. Butterflies taste with their feet.

Taste receptors on a butterfly's feet help it find its host plant and locate food. A female butterfly lands on different plants, drumming the leaves with her feet to make the plant release its juices. Spines on the back of her legs have chemoreceptors that detect the right match of plant chemicals. When she identified the right plant, she lays her eggs. A butterfly will also step on its food, using organs that sense dissolved sugars to taste food sources like fermenting fruit.



3. Butterflies live on an all-liquid diet.

Speaking of butterflies eating, adult butterflies can only feed on liquids, usually nectar. Their mouthparts are modified to enable them to drink, but they can't chew solids. A proboscis, which functions as a drinking straw, stays curled up under the butterfly's chin until it finds a source of nectar or other liquid nutrition. It then unfurls the long, tubular structure and sips up a meal.



4. A butterfly must assemble its proboscis as soon as it emerges from the chrysalis.

A butterfly that can't drink nectar is doomed, so one of its first jobs as an adult butterfly is to make sure its mouthparts work. When a new adult emerges from the pupal case, or chrysalis, its mouth is in two pieces. Using palpi located adjacent to the proboscis, the butterfly begins working the two parts together to form a single, tubular proboscis. You may see a newly emerged butterfly curling and uncurling the proboscis over and over, testing it out.



5. Butterflies drink from mud puddles.

A butterfly cannot live on sugar alone; it needs minerals, too. To supplement its diet of nectar, a butterfly will occasionally sip from mud puddles, which are rich in minerals and salts. This behavior, called puddling, occurs more often in male butterflies, which incorporate the minerals into their sperm. These nutrients are then transferred to the female during mating, and help improve the viability of her eggs.



6. Butterflies can't fly if they're cold.

Butterflies need an ideal body temperature of about 29ºC / 85ºF to fly. Since they're cold-blooded animals, they can't regulate their own body temperatures. The surrounding air temperature has a big impact on their ability to function. If the air temperature falls below 13ºC / 55ºF, butterflies are rendered immobile, unable to flee from predators or feed. When air temperatures range between 28º-38ºC / 82º-100ºF, butterflies can fly with ease. Cooler days require a butterfly to warm up its flight muscles, either be shivering or basking in the sun. And even sun-loving butterflies can get overheated when temperatures soar above 38ºC / 100ºF, and may seek shade to cool down.



7. A newly emerged butterfly can't fly.

Inside the chrysalis, a developing butterfly waits to emerge with its wings collapsed around its body. When it finally breaks free of the pupal case, it greets the world with tiny, shriveled wings. The butterfly must immediately pump body fluid through its wing veins to expand them. Once its wings reach full-size, the butterfly must rest for a few hours to allow its body to dry and harden before it can take its first flight.



8. Butterflies live just 2-4 weeks, usually.

Once it emerges from its chrysalis as an adult, a butterfly has just a few short weeks to live. During that time, it focuses all its energy on two tasks – eating and mating. Some of the smallest butterflies, the blues, may only survive a few days. Butterflies that overwinter as adults, like monarchs and mourning cloaks, can live as long as 9 months.



9. Butterflies are nearsighted, but they can see and discriminate a lot of colors.

Within about 3-4 meter / 10-12 feet, butterfly eyesight is quite good. Anything beyond that distance gets a little blurry to a butterfly, though. Butterflies rely on their eyesight for vital tasks, like finding mates of the same species, and finding flowers on which to feed. In addition to seeing some of the colors we can see, butterflies can see a range of ultraviolet colors invisible to the human eye. The butterflies themselves may have ultraviolet markings on their wings to help them identify one another and locate potential mates. Flowers, too, display ultraviolet markings that act as traffic signals to incoming pollinators like butterflies – "pollinate me!"



10. Butterflies employ all kinds of tricks to keep from being eaten.

Butterflies rank pretty low on the food chain, with lots of hungry predators happy to make a meal of them. Some butterflies fold their wings to blend in to the background, using camouflage to render themselves all but invisible to predators. Others try the opposite strategy, wearing vibrant colors and patterns that boldly announce their presence. Bright colored insects often pack a toxic punch if eaten, so predators learn to avoid them. Some butterflies aren't toxic at all, but pattern themselves after other species known for their toxicity. By mimicking their foul-tasting cousins, they repel predators.



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